Hyperglycemia refers to a condition that results in high blood glucose levels. It usually occurs in undiagnosed diabetics or diabetics who have not taken their insulin or any other medication to drop glucose levels. This can also be caused by having a heavy meal containing more carbohydrates than the administered amount of insulin can handle.
Hyperglycemia is opposite to the condition called, hypoglycemia that results from low blood glucose levels. When your blood glucose levels are drastically lowered down, the body relies on a backup system i.e. burning fats for energy. However, the brain only utilizes glucose as a fuel of energy as it cannot burn fat, thus making the person experience dizziness and confusion.
Hyperglycemia on the other hand occurs due to high glucose level, which is often caused due to insufficient insulin produced by the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone responsible for breaking down carbohydrates. Without insulin, carbohydrates cannot be broken down into soluble form that the cells can absorb to generate energy. Therefore, in this case also, fats are burnt down.
A diabetic has to take insulin medications to be able to break down carbohydrates. Thus, skipping doses may lead to the symptoms of hyperglycemia. Other causes of hyperglycemia include infections, diseases, stress and reduced physical activity.
workplace approved training courses teach participants to recognize and manage victims of diabetic emergencies. The following courses teach candidates about diabetic emergencies